Pennacook territory shown within the larger area occupied by the Western Abenaki The Pennacook, also known by the names Penacook and Pennacock, were a North American people of the Wabanaki Confederacy who primarily inhabited the Merrimack River valley of present-day New Hampshire and Massachusetts, as well as portions of southern Maine. Abenaki (also referred to as Wobanaki or Wabanaki) take their name from a word in their own language meaning “dawn-land people” or “people from the east.” Their traditional lands included parts of southeastern Quebec, western Maine and northern New England. Eastern Abenaki who lived in parts of Maine. Facing annihilation, around 1669 the Abenakis had emigrated to Canada, then under French control, where they were granted two seigneuries. Abenaki Indians. Posted on Last updated: June 28, 2019 By: Author Russell Yost. The most famous sagamore was Samoset. Abenaki life was observed and recorded by European explorers of the early 1500s. Kä-bäh’-seh – Sturgeon. My grandmother Julia Burl lived on her reservation in the early 1900's upstate New York, when herself 8yrs old and siblings and other children were brought to a Catholic Orphanage to be civilized. The name Abenaki means people of the eastern dawn. Penobscot Indian Nation has information and a directory for this nation's government, as well as a page for Historical Background and a page for the Penobscot Nation Museum . Charleston, SC: The History Press. Learn how your comment data is processed. Abenaki Tribe Facts: Culture. People: The Abenaki tribe, together with the Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Mi'kmaq, and Penobscot Indians, were members of the old Wabanaki Confederacy, adversaries of the Iroquois League. However, a dictionary was compiled and today, schools are making an effort to reintroduce the language by teaching it to the children. These villages occasionally had to be fortified, depending on the alliances and enemies of other tribes or of Europeans near the village. The chief only did what the tribe voted to do. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Maine. In the spring and summer, the tribe lived by the sea and by rivers. Native knowledge, experience, and traditions have deeply influenced many aspects of Vermont's rich history. After the first contact with the Europeans they eventually began to merge due to necessity. Here is a map showing the location of the Cowasuck, Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Norridgewock bands of Abenaki Indians. The Iroquois were an imperialist, expansionist culture whose cultivation of the corn/beans/squash agricultural complex enabled them to support a large population. Later th… Abenaki Genealogy--Ne-Do-Ba a website devoted to biography, genealogy, and history of the tribe. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Most Abenaki crafted dome-shaped, bark-covered wigwams for housing, though a few preferred oval-shaped long houses. Ah-lunk-soo – Spotted Animal. The homes there were bark-covered wigwams shaped in a way similar to the teepees of the Great Plains Indians. The wampum could also be used like money. Upon marrying, the men would place leather around the ponytail and shave around the head. The first seigneurie was established on the Saint-François river and is now known as the Odanak Indian Reserve; the second was established on the river Bécancour and is now known as the Wôlinak Indian Reserve. Abnaki, Abénaki, Abenaqui [This text was originally published in 1907 by the Bureau of American Ethnology as part of its Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico .It was later reproduced, in 1913, by the Geographic Board of Canada. The women grew corn, beans, and squash. The name refers to their location “toward the dawn.” Abenaki families lived in wigwams. They cultivated crops for food and located their villages near a water source. The Abenaki were spread throughout the northeastern United States and came into contact with English colonists when they began to settle the New England Colonies. They were spread throughout the Northeast without any central leadership. The Abenaki are a tribe that lived in Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. Moos-kwä’-suh’ – Muskrat. Abenaki Indians Leave a Comment / Native American At the period of the first settlement of New England by the English, the principal Indian powers located in that territory, were, the Pokanokets, under Massasoit; the Narragansetts, under Canonicus; the Pequot-Algonquins of Connecticut; and the Merrimack, or Pennacook, Bashabary of Amoskeag. They erect a pole planted in the earth, and if anyone disagrees, he strikes the pole. 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