livelihoods also allows for a better understanding of their vulnerability to external shocks and stresses. The Government of the Eastern Cape Province introduced the Massive Food Production programme, which is a cornerstone within the agrarian reform initiative of the Provincial Growth and Development Plan (PGDP). The asset base improvement was used as the proxy of impact. The project falls within the 2012-2016 United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) strategic outline: (i) the creation of opportunities for the economic development of the rural world; (ii) improving an equitable access for both men and women to basic social rights and services and social protection in a . IDS Working Paper 72. 691-723. However, its impact on ensuring food security is still debatable. The full series so far is: 127: Sustainable Livelihoods and Project Design in India, Cathryn Turton. The main objective of the study was to investigate the impact of the Massive Food Production Programme on the livelihoods in Nkonkobe Municipality. The DFID Sustainable Livelihood Framework was used to investigate the impact of the Massive Food Production Programme. More fundamentally, sustainable livelihoods approaches embody a technocratic development drive, which is at odds with the principles, ethos and values that … After the wide-ranging evaluation of views, arguments and research findings, a model to measure impact of the programme was designed. project design, impact assessment) and some on their application to specific sectors (e.g. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Findings of the study revealed that most of the participants and the non-participants communities experienced food shortages in the last season 2007/8 for at most three months. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) combines a conceptual framework with a set of operational principles to provide guidance on policy formulation and development practice. water, tourism). The sustainable livelihoods idea was first introduced by the Brundtland Commission on Environment and Development, and the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development expanded the concept, advocating for the achievement of sustainable livelihoods as a … There is a knowledge gap and practical demand to understand the relationship between capitals for developing sustainable livelihoods to realize poverty reduction and sustainable development, in particular for the smallholder farmers. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. v The research findings were analysed using several analytical procedures, including the conventional descriptive statistics, principal components analysis, and linear regression analysis. Typically, a project is implemented in the same area for a period of 3-5 years in order to achieve impact and sustainable development. Investments in research and development are also investments in new technologies from Germany . In particular, it requires that there is the organisational space for lessons learned in the field to be … Brighton: Institute for Development Studies. The researcher also made use of project annual reports on change of livelihoods, baseline survey reports, project log frame, internal reports, work plans, budgets and mid-term evaluation reports as sources of secondary data. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. Nine factors were selected from the principal component analysis of the many factors that were taken to affect participation. 6 . The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The study fed into the wider process of developing a country strategy paper (CSP). By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Discover our research outputs and cite our work. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. Request. the Open University It seeks to understand the various dimensions of a person's livelihood; the strategies and objectives pursued, and associated opportunities and constraints. The projects aim to contribute to the Government of India’s efforts to eliminate poverty through support to its watershed development programme. Stirling, Andy (2007) A General Framework for Analysing Diversity in Science, Technology and Society, Journal of the Royal Society Interface 15(4): 707–19. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Program (DRSLP), FEED MY COW, will develop regional systems to alleviate the negative impacts caused by the deteriorating environmental conditions in the Horn of Africa. Request. and Jisc. Accordingly, the specific objectives of the study were to investigate the impact of the Massive Food Programme on the asset base of participants, the general livelihood activities, and the livelihood outcomes. The IEF aims to measure project impact as changes of target community’s livelihoods: first, it establishes a capitals-based evaluation hierarchy, taking its rationale from the literature; secondly, it develops a further five-step procedure. The varying locations showed the potential of livestock production. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 2015 UN Climate Change Conference. Relying on the Sustainable Livelihoods concept, this study proposes an Impact Evaluation Framework (IEF) to measure project impact as changes of target community’s livelihoods. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to strengthen the capacity of local stakeholders, including state authorities, displaced persons and vulnerable host communities, to plan and implement improved livelihoods and natural resource This study did not only investigate its impact on the participants but also assessed its impact on the recipient communities. The design of the two projects ran parallel to the development of the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approach and framework. First, the IEF establishes a Capitals-Based Evaluation Hierarchy, taking its rationale from the literature: this first step responds to the needs of providing a standard and harmonized structure applicable to different projects. Agroecology and Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Conceptual Framework to Guide Development Projects in the Pacific Islands. This approach was used in both conceptualizing the study and the selection of variables. The study revealed that the highest agricultural income is from livestock sales. 2.2 The livelihoods framework. The Sustainable Natural Resources-based Livelihoods Project was developed by the Government of Belize to address the issues of natural resource degradation that results from overexploitation and misuse. Three other dummy variables to proximate location, participation and group turnover were added to the regression model that was developed to measure impact. CORE is a not-for-profit service delivered by This is because the Massive Food Production was aimed at maize crop production. Location of Repository Application of the sustainable livelihoods framework to the analysis of the Provincial Growth and Development Plan of the Eastern Cape : a case study of the Massive Food Production Programme in Nkonkobe Municipality and Buffalo City Municipality By Tafadzwa P Dirwayi The livelihoods framework is a way of looking at the complexity of people's livelihoods, especially the livelihoods of the poor, whether they be rural or urban. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Secondly, the IEF develops a further Five-Step Procedure to respond to the concurrent need of flexibility and customization of specific projects. Scoones, Ian (1998) ‘Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis’. Previous studies investigated on the indicators of success that can be used to measure the impact of this programme. The conceptual methodology of the IEF might be used at different stages of project design: as a supportive methodology donors use in their programme of funds allocation or as an instrument experts use to quantitatively support their ex-post project evaluation. It requires a real shift in emphasis, training and management style, particularly with regard to ensuring that the 'voices' of lower level staff are able to influence operational policies and strategies. 4.2 The sustainable livelihoods approach. Within the current global challenges, energy plays a key role for the achievement of basic human needs, socio-economic development, environmental protection and global security. Some focus on specific types of application of SL approaches (e.g. We are now looking for an early career Head of Project development to coordinate the development and management of our conservation and sustainable livelihoods programmes on the ground in Madagascar. The DFID Sustainable Livelihood Approach was selected because unlike the CARE or UNDP Sustainable Livelihood models, it was designed for such purposes. The IEF is conceived for applications to energy development projects, intended as projects in developing countries, either in urban or rural contexts. 2.0 Project Background . 6, pp. and in new future-proof workplaces. Environmental Management Framework Promoting Sustainable Natural Resource-Based Livelihoods in Belize . It is recommended that development agencies consider livestock production as an agricultural strategy with immense potential for enhancing sustaining rural livelihood. To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Type: face to face This course aims to provide participants with a critical understanding of the key concepts, principles and tools of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach in development planning and climate change adaptation contexts. The SLA has been widely used in coastal and fisheries development research and has informed the design of development programmes but experience of operationalising it remains largely undocumented. Update/Correction/Removal DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). The set of information obtained with the IEF is compared to the final expert evaluation, commissioned by the donor and performed at the end of the project, showing the usefulness of IEF as a supportive methodology in the evaluation process. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was ‘Sustainability’ and ‘Livelihood’ are terms that are now commonly used in the development discourse. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems: Vol. Organization: Kimmage Development Studies Centre. application-oriented and basic-oriented research – in response to the High-Tech Strategy of the Federal Government. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. In the 1970s, many development practitioners were concerned about the famines that were taking place in Africa and Asia, and a concerted effort was made to put more resources into increasing food supplies globally. Data collection was accomplished through observation, interviewing, and focus group discussions. Among other livelihood activities, the study made an in-depth investigation on the impact of the Massive Food Production Programme on maize crop production. Out of this concern, the CGIAR centres were born, and significant increases in food supplies were created through … The programme has been going on for more than seven years, however little has been documented on its impact. 128: The Impacts of Tourism on Rural Livelihoods: Namibia’s Experience, Caroline Ashley. Each project aims to ultimately enable the beneficiaries to become change makers in their communities. (2015). The study revealed that to some extent the Massive Food Production Programme has managed to improve the asset base of the farmers. Project Title: Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods the productive resources by al Narrative The poverty alleviation programme acknowledges economic growth not only as a means to address poverty, but as a mechanism to achieve the national MDG targets through implementation of the PRSAP and Aid effectiveness management. The use of the different types of analysis was driven by the research questions under investigation and the theories on which they are based, and by the available data. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. At the light of this interconnection, a proper impact evaluation metric able to assess the main effects of energy projects at local level becomes necessary in order to highlight successful strategies. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). It helps formulate development THE EVOLUTION OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD APPROACHES. adopting a livelihoods approach is not a simple transition involving a few changes to project monitoring systems. Sustainable Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation. 39, No. This paper explores how these emerging concepts fed into the design process of the two projects. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. The sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. In the paper, the IEF is presented in the light of this second application and the procedure applied to a real project in Ethiopia. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. An impact evaluation framework based on sustainable livelihoods for energy development projects: an application to Ethiopia.

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