Pulmonary diseases are a common complication in pregnancy as well, with studies showing it to be a significant factor responsible for maternal death af… Patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases have difficulties in breathing, as the walls of the airways to their lungs are damaged, scarred and narrowed (airflow obstruction). Statistics on causes of death provide information on mortality patterns, supplying information on developments over time in the underlying causes of death. These figures are of interest, insofar as pneumonia was one of the leading causes of death among respiratory diseases, in contrast to asthma, which has a death rate that was relatively close to zero. The EU-27’s standardised death rate from respiratory diseases for those aged 65 years and over was 38 times as high as the standardised death rate for persons aged less than 65 years; this can be compared with the same ratio for all causes of death, where the death rate for those aged 65 years and over was 20 times as high. The highest share of self-reported asthma among the EU Member States was recorded in Finland (9.2 %), where 11.0 % of all women and 7.2 % of all men stated that they had asthma (see Figure 2). Patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases have difficulties in breathing, as the walls of the Death rates for men were at least three times as high as those for women in all three Baltic Member States, while elsewhere they were between 1.3 and 2.4 times as high. During an influenza epidemic, there may be significant costs for health services (associated with caring for those who fall sick) and for businesses in general (lost production as a result of time taken off work). If you are interested to know more about the lung diseases, you need to study pulmonology. At 7.7 %, the share in Turkey was considerably higher than in any of the EU Member States. By contrast, the highest share among men was recorded in Luxembourg (5.7 %) where, as in a further eight EU Member States, a greater share of men (compared with women) reported that they had a chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma). Lung Disease: Facts You Need to Know. Chapter X of the ICD covers diseases of the respiratory system: There is a wide range of factors that play a role in affecting the health of a person’s respiratory system. Across the EU in 2018 (2017 data for Germany and Malta; 2016 data for Denmark and Luxembourg; 2015 data for Portugal; no recent data for Greece), in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system (codes J00-J99) spent a total of 43.6 million days in hospital. Lung cancer is considered as a severe type of respiratory diseases. This source is documented in more detail in this background article which provides information on the scope of the data, its legal basis, the methodology employed, as well as related concepts and definitions. The number of deaths from a particular cause of death can be expressed relative to the size of the population. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure. Two major chronic respiratory diseases in Australia are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Each year, chronic respiratory diseases disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and contribute to thousands of deaths. Portugal, Germany and Liechtenstein: 2017. 187.86 kB. By contrast, less than 2.0 % of the population in Malta and Sweden declared that they suffered from chronic lower respiratory diseases (other than asthma). Saving Lives, Protecting People, Summary Health Statistics Tables for U.S. A closer analysis reveals that a higher proportion of women (than men) declared they had asthma in all but two of the EU Member States: the share (4.4 %) of men in Belgium who declared they had asthma was 0.2 percentage points higher than the share for Belgian women, while in Denmark the shares for both sexes were equal (6.5 %). The EU-27’s standardised death rate for diseases of the respiratory system was 75.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2016; the death rate for men was 2.0 times as high as that for women. Source: Eurostat (online data code: hlth_ps_immu). Air pollution is a major respiratory health issue: activities involving the burning of fossil fuels, such as some industrial activities, power generation, vehicle emissions and household heating/cooking, as well as natural phenomena (such as volcanic eruptions or dust storms) have the potential to cause respiratory diseases. 11 January 2021. WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 January 2021. 23 December 2020. people die prematurely from chronic respiratory disease [5]. According to the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS), the prevalence of rhinitis is around 35% in Europe and Australasia (34). Pneumonia is the world’s leading killer of young children [6]. Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other parts of the lung. A more detailed analysis of causes of death for diseases of the respiratory system is presented in Table 2. Cancer: 599,274. In fact, smoking is directly responsible for almost 90% of lung cancer and COPD deaths. Global and National Extent According to WHO, in India, deaths due to respiratory diseases account for 11% of total deaths in the country. The economic burden of lung disease. Summary of Methods - Respiratory Diseases. Aside from these two Member States, the average length of a hospital stay due to a disease of the respiratory system was similar to the average for all diseases, either shorter or longer by at most 1.5 days. How many deaths from tuberculosis recorded in the EU? Deaths from diseases of the respiratory system, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), International Shortlist for Hospital Morbidity Tabulation (ISHMT), Health in the European Union — facts and figures, Health statistics — Atlas on mortality in the European Union. Infants and young children are particularly susceptible. A study published by The Forum of International Respiratory Societies shows hundreds of millions of people around the world suffering from one or more types of chronic respiratory disorders, while there are over four million deaths every year, caused by such diseases. With about 5,400 deaths attributed to it in 2003, COPD is a major cause of death in Australia. a colon ‘:’ is used to show where data are not available; a dash ‘–‘ is used to show where data are not applicable/relevant. Dis. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Respiratory disease burden in India is second only to that of ischaemic heart disease, found a state-level analysis of the Global Burden of Disease data. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways characterised by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm that causes coughing, wheezing, chest tightness or a shortness of breath. This series of fact sheets provides a resource for beef cattle producers to learn about the different risk factors that might contribute towards an increased incidence of BRD. This article is one of a set of statistical articles concerning health status in the EU which forms part of an online publication on health statistics. By contrast, Romania and Portugal recorded a considerably higher proportion of people aged 65 years or over who were vaccinated against influenza in 2018 (2017 for Portugal) than in 2013, up by more than 10.0 percentage points. The average stay in hospital for in-patients being treated for asthma varied considerably across the EU Member States, from highs of 14.2 days in Czechia and 13.7 days in Germany (2017 data) to less than 3.0 days in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark (2016 data). This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to diseases of the respiratory system and focuses on the following aspects: deaths from diseases of the respiratory system and healthcare for diseases of the respiratory system. From a public health perspective, these measures aim to protect citizens from the hazardous effects of smoking and other forms of tobacco consumption. Lithuanians reported the highest prevalence of chronic lower respiratory diseases other than asthma …. More than three fifths of the elderly population of Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal were vaccinated against influenza. Try our corporate solution for free! According to the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC), the prevalence of allergic rhinitis ranges from very low to 50% of adolescents (81), with an average of over 30% (13). By contrast, a higher proportion of deaths among women (rather than men) were attributed to diseases of the respiratory system in four Member States, with the largest gender gap in Ireland (1.7 points); an even larger gap with a higher share for women than for men was observed in Iceland (2.6 points). In 2018, Blacks (10.9%) were 42 percent more likely than Whites (7.7%) to still have asthma. About 65 million people suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 3 million die from it each year, making it the third leading cause of death worldwide. Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea and occupational lung diseases. Other lung diseases are acute asthma, pulmonary embolism, common cold, and bacterial pneumonia. However, with proper treatment, and follow-up care, these conditions can be cured or kept in check. Among the 25 EU Member States for which recent data are available (no recent data for Greece or Portugal), the average length of a hospital stay for in-patients treated for a disease of the respiratory system fell between 2013 and 2018 in a small majority (13 out of 25), while in Latvia and Poland there was no change. This page has been accessed 80,000 times. Table 3 presents an analysis of the average length of hospital stays for in-patients treated for a respiratory disease in 2013 and 2018. Standardised death rates for respiratory diseases were consistently higher for men than for women . Diseases include, but are not limited to, the pneumoconioses, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory tuberculosis, and certain cancers. Chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) cover a collection of lung diseases that include chronic bronchitis, emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases; the main cause of these diseases is smoking. Facts about smoking and respiratory diseases According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diseases caused by smoking kill more than 480,000 people in the U.S. each year. Among the enlargement countries, this share was as high as 12.7 % (2016 data) in Turkey and 11.5 % in Montenegro; in the United Kingdom it was also 11.5 % (2016 data). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Alzheimer’s disease: 122,019. In every one lakh people, an estimated amount of 142 people die from lung disease. The biggest fall was recorded in the Netherlands (note that there is a break in series), down 6.1 percentage points. (File) India has 18% of the world’s population but 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases. The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, COPD, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems. Second-hand smoke causes severe respiratory health problems in children, such as asthma and reduced lung function; and asthma is now the most common chronic disease among children throughout the Region. Self-reported statistics covering the health status of the population for a range of chronic diseases is provided by the European health interview survey (EHIS). The standardised death rate for asthma and status asthmaticus was higher for women (1.4 deaths per 100 000 female inhabitants) than the corresponding rate for men (1.0 deaths per 100 000 male inhabitants) in the EU-27 in 2016. This shows that the main causes of death among respiratory diseases were lower respiratory diseases (chronic or other) and pneumonia, while standardised death rates for asthma and for influenza were considerably lower. The respiratory system is a series of organs that are responsible for breathing; the lungs are the primary organ of this system, which also includes the nasal passage, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles. In Latvia and France, the average length of a hospital stay for those treated for a disease of the respiratory system was 2.3 days less than the average for all diseases, while it was 1.9 days shorter in Estonia and 1.7 days shorter in Luxembourg. Number of emergency department visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive... Mortality. The next highest overall shares were in Ireland, France and Sweden. 915.09 kB. EU-27 standardised death rates for men were, with the exception of asthma and status asthmaticus, usually higher than those for women for each of the causes of death presented in Table 2. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory-disease mortality rates across these age groups were within 15% of each other. By Janie McQueen. Across the EU-27, 4.5 % of women reported such an illness, compared with 4.1 % of men. CDC twenty four seven. Towards the lower end of this range with standardised death rates for men for respiratory diseases that were 1.4 times as high as those for women were Denmark and Ireland, while the smallest gender differences (with the rates for men 1.3 times as high as the rates for women) were observed in Sweden and Greece. Around 5.9 million in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system were discharged from EU hospitals in 2018 (2017 data for Germany and Malta; 2016 data for Denmark and Luxembourg; 2015 data for Portugal; no recent data for Greece). Note: the rate shown is the proportion of people aged 65 and over having been immunised against influenza during the 12 months prior to the survey. The data presented in Figures 1 and 2 are derived from the second wave of the European health interview survey (EHIS) which was conducted between 2013 and 2015 and which covers persons aged 15 years and over. The country bears 18% of the world population but 32% of … Discharges of in-patients treated for respiratory diseases accounted for 13.0 % of the total number of hospital in-patient discharges in Spain, while these diseases accounted for a share of at least 10.0 % of all in-patient discharges in Ireland, Romania, Latvia and Lithuania. Blacks and American Indian/Alaska Natives have the highest current asthma rates compared to other races and ethnicities. The lung diseases can be mild or severe. Lithuania (6.1 %) recorded the highest share among the EU Member States, followed by Portugal, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy — each with shares above 5.0 %. Relative to population size, Bulgaria, Romania and Lithuania recorded the highest number of discharges among those treated for diseases of the respiratory system in 2018 (see Figure 4): 2 200 per 100 000 inhabitants in Lithuania, 2 300 per 100 000 inhabitants in Romania and 3 200 per 100 000 inhabitants in Bulgaria. An in-patient is a patient who is formally admitted (or ‘hospitalised’) to an institution for treatment and/or care and stays for a minimum of one night or more than 24 hours in the hospital or other institution providing in-patient care. 432.75 kB. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD)provides up-to-date summary tables, figures, and maps on various occupationally-related respiratory diseases, including data on morbidity, mortality, and associated workplace exposures by geographic region, industry and occupation, time period, and demographic group. More than three fifths of the elderly population of Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal were vaccinated against influenza, the highest proportions among the EU Member States. The average time spent in hospital for in-patients treated for a disease of the respiratory system fell by 2.8 days in Finland. Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the trachea (or windpipe), the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs, and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage.. This source is documented in more detail in this background article which provides information on the scope of the data, its legal basis, the methodology employed, as well as related concepts and definitions. Number of deaths for leading causes of death: Heart disease: 655,381. In the past, doctors were more likely to tell their patients that they had chronic bronchitis or emphysema than to use the more general term COPD, which encompasses a fuller range of chronic obstructive lung diseases.Both emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common types of COPD. It may result from a range of triggers, which include (among others): pollution, tobacco smoke, solvents, pollens, cold air or strenuous exercise. Among the diseases with much lower mortality rates, Cyprus and Croatia recorded the highest standardised death rates for asthma and status asthmaticus, while Finland, Sweden and Estonia had the highest standardised death rates for influenza. Italian Version. Indeed Table 1 also shows that standardised death rates for diseases of the respiratory system were particularly high at advanced ages, explaining concerns over, for example the winter influenza epidemics. Among the non-member countries in Table 1, Iceland stood out with a rate for men than was only slightly greater than that for women. At a more detailed level, the standardised death rate for asthma was higher among women. Influenza (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) codes J09-J11) is an annual, seasonal infectious disease caused by the influenza virus; it affects Europe in the winter. Source: Summary Health Statistics Tables for U.S. This difference was greatest in Malta, where the female standardised death rate for asthma and status asthmaticus in 2017 was 6.9 times as high as that recorded for men, while the female rates were 2.8 and 2.4 times as high as the male rates in Spain and Ireland respectively. 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